The Many Different Types of Whey Protein

The Many Different Types of Whey Protein

Whey protein is definitely a better way to bulk up or gain strength compared to illegal drugs. The baseball players who tested positive could have done better if they had chosen whey protein over performance enhancing drugs. There are three different types of whey protein to choose from.

Whey protein concentrate

The very first filtration process in the production of whey protein is ultrafiltration, where the protein is separated from fat and lactose in the milk by passing it through a porous membrane. The whey concentrate is generally classed as the most basic form whey protein types, though the protein concentration in it can vary considerably, anywhere from 35% to 85% – and that’s a huge variance in the quality of different Whey Protein Concentrate powders. This depends on the extent of the filtering process that takes place. Most whey protein concentrate which are popular in the market are generally 68 to 80%. Although Whey protein concentrate is not the purest form of protein because it is less processed, and if the brand is good, it can still be a very high quality protein powder, just with the presence of some fat and carbohydrate and it will be perfectly adequate for any recreational trainer.

One benefit of whey protein concentrate is that; the less processing means that the most of the beneficial whey protein fractions are still undamaged. Also it is generally less expensive than whey protein isolate or hydrolysate.

Whey Protein Isolate (WPI):

Whey protein Isolate has undergone even more processing; therefore it is purer than whey protein concentrate. The additions to it may be longer filtering or ion-exchange chromatography. This gives formulas which are 85% to 95% protein, and whey protein isolate can be a good choice for a strict diet if you’re wanting a low fat and/or carb intake. It will also be a better choice for diabetics and for those with more severe lactose intolerance. Whey protein Isolate also has a higher biological value than whey protein concentrate.

Whey Protein Hydrolysate (WPH):

If either whey protein concentrate or whey protein isolate go through a hydrolysis process, the longer protein chains are broken down into even smaller peptides. Whey is made up of fairly short polypeptides, but hydrolysis makes these even smaller and is like ‘pre-digesting’ the protein, making it semi-elemental. Semi-elemental means that macronutrients, like protein, carbohydrate, and fat, are part digested and consist of short chains of that nutrient, in this case oligopeptides which are more easily digested than long chain polypeptides. This is easier on the digestive system and there is a high absorption percentage. Whey protein hydrolysate can have as much as 50% of the amino acid bonds broken during hydrolysis. Taste can be a good indicator of whether the product you are using has a higher amount of hydrolyzed bonds, as protein powders with smaller protein fragments tend to have a bitter flavor.

 

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